Gingivitis is one of the many mouth problems brought about by the inability of a person to consistently get a dental checkup. But in many instances, it even develops to those who are religiously seeing a dentist and getting proper oral care. By definition, gingivitis is the inflammation of the gums. The main reason why it happens is because loads of bacteria pile up in the teeth in the form of plaque. Although it is classified as a non-destructive kind of periodontal disease, a prolonged tolerance of the same will likely lead to periondontitis, a condition that can lead to losing teeth in the process.
You will determine that a person has the disease when the gums are puffy and red. But the most tangible sign is when there is bleeding when brushing. In the general sense, gingivitis is treated and prevented by way of oral care and proper hygiene. This includes more frequent brushing of teeth as well as using dental floss. Additionally, a lot of people prefer to use mouthwash. But the thing with gingivitis is that the one suffering from it may not even be aware. That’s because the symptoms are quite mild and tolerable. Nonetheless, it doesn’t mean it should be taken lightly though.
Signs and Symptoms
Symptoms are referred to as those which the patient directly feels. For gingivitis, the most obvious symptom is having painful gums. A sign on the other hand is what is relatively seen and in this case, it’s the swelling. However, those two aren’t the only things encountered when a person has gingivitis. Here are the notable signs and symptoms:
- Purple and red gums
- Bad breath
- Bleeding gums
- Receding gums
- Soft gums
How About the Causes?
The main cause of gingivitis is the buildup and collection of plaque and tartar along the teeth. When there is excessive bacterial plaque and tartar, the teeth responds and in the process, the gingival tissue is gradually damaged. After a long period of tolerance and lack of oral care, the imminent result would be the loss of the teeth.
But aside from bacterial plaque and the inability to embrace proper oral hygiene, there can also be other causes of gingivitis. The list includes:
- Drugs – There are certain drugs that can lead to a decrease in saliva. When a person is taking medications like Dilantin and other anticonvulsant, there’s a possibility of disrupting the growth of the gum tissue.
- Hormonal Change – Hormonal imbalance and change can happen during menopausal stages, puberty, pregnancy, and menstruation. At this point, the gums become a lot more sensitive and that means increasing the likelihood of inflammation.